Copyright

The content in IOP Publishing (IOP)’s journals and its publishing partner journals is protected by copyright. This page offers advice and guidance on everything related to journals copyright, including how it applies to subscription and open access articles, and how to contact us if you have questions.

What is copyright?

Copyright protection applies automatically to any original work as soon as it is written down or put into permanent or fixed form; for example, pictures, photos, figures, text, graphs, videos. There does not need to be a © symbol next to the work for it to be protected by copyright.

Copyright generally lasts for 70 years after the death of the author of the work (or the last remaining co-author’s death). Therefore, just because the work is old, does not mean that it is not protected by copyright.

Copyright form

Upon submission of an article, authors are requested to complete a copyright form, which transfers (or for some journals, licenses) copyright in all original material in the article to IOP or its relevant publishing partner if the article is accepted.

IOP requires a copyright form to be signed, whether or not the article will be published under the subscription model or under the gold open access model. The copyright form must be filled in correctly, signed, dated and submitted to IOP (for most of our journals this is done via the Author Centre) before an article can be accepted.

For further information on completing the copyright form, please see the section ‘Completing IOP’s copyright form’ on the Copyright and Permissions FAQs page.

Copyright and permissions in relation to articles published under the subscription model

Articles published under the subscription model are fully protected by copyright.

In most cases, following acceptance of the article, IOP grants back to authors of articles published under the subscription model, the rights set out in the applicable author rights policy.

Original content from subscription articles can only be used in accordance with the rights set out in the copyright form, and in the applicable author rights policy. All other uses by the authors require the express permission of IOP and/or its publishing partner(s).

All uses by persons, companies or organisations that are not the original authors of the article require the express permission of IOP and/or its publishing partner(s).

For information on how to request permission, see the permissions section.

Author rights under the subscription model

Information on author rights for subscription articles can be found as follows:

Copyright and permissions relating to articles published under the gold open access model

In the case of IOP owned journals, the authors retain the copyright in the article and grant IOP a non-exclusive licence to publish the article. The position with other journals may vary and is set out in the applicable copyright form.

If an article has been published under the gold open access model, it should have a box with OPEN ACCESS on it at the top of the first page of the article and the licence type (CC BY for newer content and CC BY-NC-SA for older content) at the bottom of the first age of the article.

Articles published under the gold open access model are currently published under the CC BY licence.

Articles published under the gold open access model prior to December 2012 were published under the CC BY-NC-SA licence (you should look at the first page of the article around this time to check which licence the article was published under).

For information on how to request permission, see the permissions section.

Copyright queries

Any questions should be addressed to permissions@ioppublishing.org.

An initial response to a query will usually be provided within two working days.