This page offers advice and guidance on everything related to permissions, including why you need them and how to get them.
Open When is permission required?
If you wish to reuse content that you did not create, or which has been published previously, you will need to obtain express written permission from the copyright owner.
For handy tips on when permission is needed, please refer to this page.
Unless you are certain that one of the scenarios below applies, you must obtain written permission to reuse any content.
Open When is permission not required?
The only scenarios in which permission may not be required are where
Content was published under an open access licence, which automatically permits that type of reuse. Please refer to our useful table Using open access content: when is permission not required? for more information. Please note reuse by a publisher in a journal article/ebook counts as commercial reuse
The original publisher of the content and the new publisher wishing to reuse the content are both a Signatory to the STM Permissions Guidelines, and the original publisher has signed up to permit automatic reuse within the quota allowed by the Guidelines. IOP Publishing (IOP) is a Signatory to the Guidelines. Please refer to our section on STM Permissions Guidelines for more information
You are reusing a figure(s) which was originally published in a journal owned by IOP (see this list) or in a partner journal for which IOP handles permissions (see this list), and you are reusing that figure in another journal published by IOP. In this circumstance, IOP does not need you to obtain permission as we already own the copyright or have the rights to use the copyright. This does not apply to any figure which is credited to another source, or to any figure in an article which does not have the standard IOP copyright line or standard partner copyright line of the journal
Copyright protection of the content you wish to reuse has expired (this is generally 70 years after the death of the author (or the last remaining co-author) of the work).
Open When do I need to obtain permission to reuse content published by IOP? (Subscription content)
If you wish to make use of content published by IOP, you will need to request express permission from IOP or our relevant partner, unless the content was published under a gold open access licence, which automatically permits that type of reuse. See information below on how to request permission.
Open When do I need to obtain permission to reuse content published by IOP? (Gold open access content)
If you wish to make use of content published by IOP on a gold open access basis, you will not require IOP’s or our partner’s express permission, if that content was published under an open access licence which automatically permits that type of reuse. Please refer to our useful table Using open access content: when is permission not required? for more information.
You do not need permission to reuse content published under the gold open access model under the CC BY licence, provided the CC BY licence terms are adhered to.
For content published under the CC BY-NC-SA licence, you do not need permission for non-commercial use, provided the CC BY-NC-SA licence terms are adhered to.
For more information on our gold open access licensing policy, please refer to this page.
If you are unsure whether the article you wish to use content from was published under the subscription model or the gold open access model, the open access page sets out which journals only publish gold open access articles. It also sets out which journals are hybrid journals (i.e. offer publication under the subscription model and under the gold open access model). Gold open access articles should be tagged with an OPEN ACCESS tag and the licence information (either CC BY or CC BY-NC-SA) at the bottom of the first page of the article. Subscription articles are only available to subscribers of the journal.
Open Can I reuse figures from one IOP journal in another IOP journal?
You do not need permission if:
You are reusing that figure in an article you have submitted to be published by IOP.
This is because IOP already owns the copyright (or has the rights to use the copyright) to figures published in these journals. Hence, you are not required to obtain permission.
This does not apply to:
any content/figure which is credited to another source, or
any content/figure in an article which does not have the standard IOP copyright line or standard partner copyright line of the journal.
Open Requesting permission: how do I obtain permission to reuse content published by IOP?
The way you should request permission varies depending on whether the journal you wish to reuse content from is owned by IOP or published by IOP on behalf of one of our partners.
To check whether IOP owns the journal or whether it is published by IOP on behalf of one of our partners, please refer here and select the Publishing partners tab.
This useful flowchart also provides an overview of how to obtain permission from IOP to reuse a figure from one of the journals we publish.
- IOP-owned journals
- Partner journals
Open STM Permissions Guidelines
IOP is a signatory to the STM Permissions Guidelines. The STM Permissions Guidelines are an agreement between STM Signatory Publishers allowing reuse of small numbers of figures and small amounts of text of one signatory publisher in a journal article or ebook, published by another STM Signatory Publisher, free of charge.
For more information on how the Guidelines apply and why this is useful for authors wishing to use figures or small amounts of text from other STM Signatory Publishers, please refer to this further information.
Open How do I obtain permission to reuse content published by a third party for reuse in one of IOP's journals?
STM Publishers provide information on their websites on how to request permission. Most STM Publishers use CCC’s Rightslink software to grant permission, and often have a link from the article page through to the Rightslink software so that users can request permission to reuse content from a specific article.
These useful flowcharts provide an overview of:
Open Permissions request form
Use our helpful permissions request form (PDF) to help you submit permissions requests to other publishers who do not use Rightslink/CCC or similar services.
Open Permissions queries
Any questions should be addressed to email@example.com.
We aim to provide an initial response to queries within two working days.